Vietnamese agricultural products welcome more export opportunities

Experts say: Vietnam’s vegetable and fruit resources are very large, while Vietnam’s vegetable and fruit export turnover only accounts for about 2-3% of the total vegetable export turnover. world results. There is still a lot of room for this industry and the important thing is how to exploit the potential well.

With many agreements and protocols on official export of agricultural products, especially Vietnamese fruits, to markets around the world, it has opened up opportunities to increase export value many times over, creating stable source of income for farmers.

Export durian to China.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development said: Once more markets are opened and policies are in place to promote support, it will create a breakthrough for export activities. That effort has been reflected in the export results of agricultural, forestry and fishery products in recent years, especially in the first 4 months of the year when all markets grew strongly compared to the same period in 2023.

Specifically, agricultural, forestry and fishery exports to the Americas increased by 24.6%, Africa increased by 33.3%, Asia increased by 19.8%, Europe increased by 38.6% and Oceania increased by 26%. The US, China and Japan are the three largest export markets for agricultural, forestry and fishery products in Vietnam. Export value to the US market increased by 25.7%, China increased by 15.1% and Japan increased by 9.6%.

According to Mr. Dang Phuc Nguyen, General Secretary of the Vietnam Fruit and Vegetable Association, the achievements of exporting agricultural products, typically fruits and vegetables, show that each time the market is opened for a product, the agricultural product will have a milestone. new. If Vietnamese frozen durian is licensed, durian export turnover will continue to skyrocket.

Waiting for the opportunity for frozen durian to be exported to China, Ms. Doan Thuy Giang, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Vinh Khang Group Joint Stock Company, said: The business is ready to prepare the conditions to be able to participate. exporter of this product. With the wide-crop technique and seasonal distribution in regions, Vietnam has durian almost all year round.

To bring those opportunities to businesses, the Plant Protection Department (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) always coordinates with the US Animal and Plant Quarantine Service (APHIS) to organize inspection, evaluation and issuance of certificates. codes for growing areas and packaging facilities for fresh fruits registered to export to this market. Or, the protocols on exporting fruits to China are continuously and actively negotiated with the order of priority products.

Mr. Huynh Tan Dat, Director of the Plant Protection Department, said that the success of opening the market for each agricultural product also shows the acceptance and trust of the international market in Vietnamese agricultural products. Among them, China – a large market in the fruit sector, is an important partner, bringing many opportunities and benefits to Vietnam’s agricultural industry. The highest value imported fruits in this market (in descending order) are: fresh durian, fresh cherries, frozen durian, bananas, mangosteen and coconuts. These six fruits account for 76% of China’s fruit import value.
For durian alone, China will import 6.72 billion USD in 2023 (up 66% compared to 2022). After officially entering the Chinese market in July 2022, Vietnamese fresh durian quickly occupied about 35% of the market share, causing Thailand’s fresh durian market share to drop sharply from 95% to 65%.

From another perspective, also thanks to positive signals from market opening, localities in the Mekong Delta successfully applied the crop spreading technique process. The economic efficiency of fruit trees such as dragon fruit, mango, rambutan, durian, and longan increased by 1.5 – 2 times.

Along with the negotiation process to expand the market, the Plant Protection Department is actively coordinating with localities to expand the number and area of ​​growing area codes and the number of packaging facilities to meet the requirements of the market. import country. At the same time, focus on monitoring so that growing areas and packaging facilities maintain conditions that meet the requirements of importing countries.

Fresh fruits and vegetables such as durian, longan, lychee, mango, dragon fruit, coconut, banana, pineapple, passion fruit… are increasingly favored by markets such as China, Japan, Korea, US, EU… like. But in order for markets to receive fresh fruit, meeting plant quarantine requirements to avoid the spread of diseases and ensure food safety are prerequisite factors.

For example, Thanh Ha lychee products were purchased and sold by Red Dragon Production, Trading and Services Company Limited at the Market Place system (Australia) for nearly 600,000 VND/kg. This batch of early ripe lychees exported to the Australian market by Red Dragon Production, Trading and Services Co., Ltd. are all grown in lychee gardens that meet VietGAP and GlobalGAP standards and are strictly inspected for quality in central China May week.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the establishment and issuance of planting area codes and packaging facilities contributes to orienting production according to market needs, improving the reputation of Vietnamese agricultural products. To date, 56 localities have issued 7,344 growing area codes and 1,629 packaging facility codes allowed to export to markets: China, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Korea, Japan, EU…

Experts say: Agricultural products are considered a group of goods that face many difficulties in accessing the market. There are products that take more than ten years of negotiation for the two countries’ authorities to come to a common agreement or protocol. Many agricultural products; In particular, in order to open the market for fruit, it will have to go through many very close and thorough technical negotiations because the two sides must go through pest risk analysis measures.

Mr. Ngo Xuan Nam, Deputy Director of SPS Vietnam Office, said: The Office always updates daily, monthly, and quarterly announcements or drafts of changes to regulations on hygiene and epidemiology. and animal and plant quarantine (SPS) of markets to domestic businesses. This helps businesses grasp changes in export markets as soon as possible and have timely response plans, avoiding unnecessary risks.

In addition, the Vietnam SPS Office also promptly handles feedback and problems of businesses regarding procedures during the export of agricultural and food products; or immediately respond to regulations that markets propose to apply but are unreasonable with the regulations of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Each year, there are over 1,000 notifications about new draft regulations and changes in food safety measures and animal and plant disease safety by WTO members.

According to Mr. Ngo Xuan Nam, the increasing number of notifications and higher demands proves that the world market is very concerned about quality, hygiene, and food safety.