China is strong in preventing epidemics from spreading into the country with very tough measures, such as banning the import of entire groups of goods and suspending all export status of enterprises registered with the customs. when exporting to China…
According to statistics of China Customs, the total import and export turnover between Vietnam and China in the first two months of 2023 reached 30.3 billion USD, down 5.3% compared to the same period last year.
In which, Vietnam’s export turnover to China reached 11.57 billion USD, down 4%; Vietnam’s import turnover from China reached 18.69 billion USD, down 6.1%.
In February alone, import and export of the two countries reached 15.33 billion USD, up 20.7% over the same period.
ISSUES MANY MEASURES FOR SUPERVISION OF IMPORTED GOODS
Sharing at a trade promotion briefing conference with the Vietnamese Trade Office system abroad in March 2023 on March 31, Mr. Nong Duc Lai, Vietnam’s Trade Counselor in China, said as planned. China’s macro policy, the country will promote import and export activities on a stable basis and improve the quality of import and export.
Therefore, along with policies on improving the quality control of goods (especially agricultural, aquatic and food products), China’s customs has constantly improved its management mechanism as well as the issuance of legal documents. implementation in recent years.
It is forecasted that the management and supervision of the import of this group of products into the Chinese market will be further tightened by the country’s management agency in order to create an open environment for import and export activities in a sustainable way.
The Vietnam Trade Office in China added that the consumer demand of this market is recovering gradually since the country eased epidemic prevention measures and reopened.
Up to now, after China lifted some restrictive measures due to the Covid-19 epidemic, the clearance situation between Vietnam – China border gates has basically stabilized.
However, there are still some limitations such as: some border gates have not been fully restored, the Chinese side still requires the driver of the Vietnamese side to provide a certificate of negative test for SARS-CoV-virus. 2.
In addition, China focused on expanding domestic demand, giving priority to the recovery and expansion of consumption along with continuously issuing many policies focusing on developing the “domestic circular economy”. Therefore, goods exported to China by countries, including Vietnam, will be subject to high competition from domestic goods of this country.
In particular, over the past time, China’s customs has continuously issued measures to limit and strengthen the management of diseases spreading in the world (such as monkeypox, African swine fever, avian influenza …) .
“It can be seen that China is very strong in preventing epidemics from spreading into the country with very tough measures, such as banning the import of entire groups of goods and suspending all export status of enterprises. has been registered with Customs when exporting to China,” Mr. Lai emphasized.
Not only that, Vietnamese goods, especially agricultural products, in the coming time will have to compete with partners exporting to China, especially the group of agricultural products of the same type. compete with the goods and products produced in this country.
Moreover, people’s living standards are constantly increasing, the quality requirements of imported goods in general and agricultural products and foodstuffs in particular are constantly being improved. Therefore, the rate of elimination from the Chinese market is relatively high if enterprises cannot meet the increasingly advanced requirements of the market.
Mr. Lai said the number of Vietnamese goods being warned by China is increasing. In 2021, Vietnam ranked 4th, in 2022, the rate of warned shipments ranked 2nd. This situation has affected the reputation and brand of Vietnamese goods and adversely affected the psychology of Chinese consumers. for my goods.
CONTINUOUSLY INCREASE THE QUALITY OF GOODS
Facing the situation of the Chinese market in the first months of this year, Mr. Lai recommended that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Health and localities, especially localities with borderlines, strengthen inspection and control. control domestic animal and plant diseases and prevent diseases from entering the country from outside to ensure that products that have been exported to other markets are not affected as well as the negotiation to open up the country. market for new products.
It is recommended that functional units under relevant ministries and agencies and inspection and supervision agencies issue certificates of goods to study relevant regulations under Order 259 and requirements for each type of goods. Consider and register with the General Administration of Customs of China to create favorable conditions for Vietnamese goods to be exported to the Chinese market in the near future.
On the business side, it is recommended to conduct surveys and further research on the potential of the processed food industry as well as consumption trends for this industry, thereby looking for supply and cooperation opportunities in the supply chain. production with enterprises in the host country.
In the context that China has reopened, and travel between the two countries is no longer a barrier, Counselor Nong Duc Lai recommended functional units and businesses to study and organize business delegations to survey the market. , organize trade activities in localities that have not been fully utilized by us in recent years such as: Hunan, Hubei, Shandong or Beijing – Tianjin economic belt – Hebei…
Enterprises who want to expand their market and take advantage of the market’s market space need to prepare and research the market methodically before officially bringing their goods into new market areas in China. Because each market area in China has different consumption habits, needs and tastes.
At the same time, constantly improve the quality of agricultural, forestry and fishery products and food hygiene and safety. Strengthen control of residues of pesticides, food additives, dangerous bacteria on food products, apply quality management system according to ISO, HACCP… to meet requirements and standards import country.
Taking advantage of and exploiting the Chinese market through e-commerce channels through association and cooperation with Chinese enterprises to set up warehouses…
In 2022, Vietnam successfully negotiated and opened the market for high-value agricultural products exported to China such as durian, passion fruit, bird’s nest, sweet potato, and had hundreds of codes. number of fruit growing areas approved by the Chinese side.
However, with private worm products, Mr. Dang Phuc Nguyen, General Secretary of the Vietnam Fruit and Vegetable Association, said that China has only granted Vietnam 246 area codes for growing durian for export, while durian output of Vietnam up to nearly 1 million tons/year, turnover of billions of USD. Therefore, if not further expanding the granting of planting area codes for Vietnamese durians, it will be very difficult, there will not be enough quota for export.
Therefore, Mr. Nguyen suggested that relevant agencies should take measures to handle violations of intellectual property rights in growing areas, packaging codes, and anti-counterfeiting and imitation goods. There are measures to provide technical support when the Chinese customs authority comes to inspect the plantations to issue codes.
On the other hand, fruit and vegetable enterprises research the possibility of investment or investment cooperation with Chinese enterprises in the field of fruit and vegetable processing, on the one hand improving the export value content, on the other hand, catching up with the trend. The market for processed fruits and vegetables has continuously increased in recent years.