Promoting the advantages of fruit and vegetable export

The export turnover of vegetables and fruits in the first 5 months of 2022 grew positively, despite the decline in some key agricultural, forestry and fishery products, helping to increase the value of this industry in the coming time.

Durian is mainly exported to the Chinese market, accounting for 84.3% of the total durian export value (Illustration image)

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, fruit and vegetable exports in the first five months of 2023 are estimated at US$1.97 billion, up 39% over the same period in 2022. It is forecasted that fruit and vegetable exports will continue to increase in the second half of 2023 when many markets The world market is expected to increase imports again.

All kinds of goods increased steadily

According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, most export vegetables and fruits recorded good growth in the first four months of 2023.

Fruit leads the way in export value with US$920.7 million, up 15.7% over the same period in 2022. Only dragon fruit and banana have a decrease in export value in the first 4 months of 2023.

Meanwhile, durian export value increased sharply, reaching 190.5 million USD, up 573.1% over the same period in 2022.

Durian is mainly exported to China, accounting for 84.3% of the total durian export value thanks to the signing of the Protocol on phytosanitary requirements for durian exports from Vietnam to the Chinese market. in July 2022. to other fruit and vegetable products such as pomelo, fresh coconut, avocado, lemon, pineapple, breast milk… in order to further promote fruit and vegetable exports to this market.

Particularly for processed fruit and vegetables, export turnover in the first 4 months of 2023 reached 356.4 million USD, up 22.9% over the same period in 2022. This segment has always maintained a good growth rate and potential. development due to the increasing demand of the people. for processed vegetables.

Therefore, exporters need to focus on exploiting this segment, contributing to improving the export value of the fruit and vegetable industry in the coming time.

According to General Secretary of the Vietnam Fruit and Vegetable Association Dang Phuc Nguyen, it is forecasted that fruit and vegetable exports will continue to grow strongly in the coming months as both domestic production and import demand increase.

However, increasing output requires localities and businesses to actively capture information, tastes and market demands, build sales and trade promotion plans for specific products, large output in the main season.

Expand market and potential products

Besides durian, dragon fruit, passion fruit, Vietnam also has the opportunity to promote the export of other potential products such as avocado.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), global avocado exports are forecast to reach 3.9 million tons, worth $8.3 billion by 2030, making avocados a fruit product. Tropical plants are important in the global fruit trade and are among the most important products. valuable fruit items.

Global avocado production is projected to reach 12 million tons by 2030, more than three times higher than in 2010. The United States and the European Union are expected to be the main avocado import markets by 2030, with volume imported avocado accounted for more than 70%. total global avocado imports.

Demand from other markets such as China and the Middle East is also expected to expand significantly, opening new opportunities for Vietnam to boost avocado production and exports. Vietnam also needs to boost exports to Europe, as well as the large and potential Chinese traditional market.

According to the statistics agency of the European Union (Eurostat), the EU’s import turnover of vegetables, tubers and fruits in the period 2018-2022 has increased steadily over the years, with an average growth rate of 4.9% per year. Particularly in 2022, import turnover is estimated at 112.9 billion USD, up 9.6% compared to 2021.

However, Vietnam only ranks 50th among the markets supplying vegetables to the EU. Accordingly, imports from Vietnam in 2022 only account for 0.2% of the total import value of the EU. It can be seen that there is still a lot of room for Vietnamese vegetables and fruits to enter the EU market because the size of this market accounts for 43% of the value of global fruit and vegetable trade. On the other hand, EU consumer demand is spread throughout the year and depends largely on imports from outside.

With the advantage of the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA), Vietnam can eliminate up to 94% of the tax lines for vegetables and fruits (previously with a tax rate of 10-20%), creating an advantage. great competition compared to competitors. to other exporting countries. However, Vietnamese vegetables and fruits must fully meet the high standards of the EU market to penetrate this market. In addition to quality, food safety and hygiene issues, products must meet environmental requirements such as sustainable production, low emissions and social responsibility.

Source: Promoting advantages of fruit and vegetable export | Nhan Dan Online