While many agricultural products showed signs of decline in exports, the fruit and vegetable industry continued to record a positive export growth rate. Vietnam’s fruit export path is increasingly open with “passports” obtained thanks to the efforts of the management in negotiating with trading partners.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), most of the exported vegetables and fruits recorded good growth rates in the first 4 months of 2023. Leading in terms of export value is the fruit variety. reached US$920.7 million, up 15.7% over the same period in 2022.
Good season, good price
In the structure of main export fruit categories, only dragon fruit and banana have a decrease in value in the first 4 months of 2023. Followed by processed products exported in 4 months reached 356.4 million USD, up 22.9% over the same period in 2022. The category of processed products always maintains a good growth rate, even in the context of the fruit and vegetable industry’s decline in 2022. This is a category with great potential. export, because currently the dietary needs of people around the world are increasing using processed fruits and vegetables.
In June, fruit and vegetable exports continued to be positive with many items in the main season, with the best quality. Among fruits, durian is the most exciting agricultural product when officially exported to China.
Talking to the press about the potential of durian export, Mr. Le Minh Tri – Deputy Director of Vinh Khang Cooperative said that the cooperative had a code of the growing area for export to China, so this year’s durian consumption was favorable and the commune was favorable. Big winner thanks to the product is priced. In addition to two popular varieties, Ri6 and Monthong, Vinh Khang Cooperative also grows Musang King durian with the selling price of about 300,000 VND/kg.
In Binh Phuoc province, Mr. Nguyen Minh Hieu – Deputy Director of Binh Phuoc Digital Agricultural Service Cooperative (Phuoc Long town), said that durian in the Southeast region is in the harvest season, but the price is still increasing day by day. “In recent days, the price of durian has increased by 1,000 VND/kg every day,” said Mr. Hieu.
Along with durian, lychee, this item is in the main crop in the North and exported well to Japan, the US, Australia… In particular, the information of Vietnam’s seedless lychee is exported to the UK and Japan. with a retail price of up to about 800,000 VND/kg is considered a good sign for Vietnamese agricultural products.
The dragon fruit industry is stabilizing. In addition to exporting fresh fruits, there are also processing with more than 10 items such as freezing, drying, making wine, tea, and juice. In addition to China, other markets such as Japan, Korea, the US, the Middle East … have also stabilized, enterprises export regularly.
With the coconut industry, Mr. Nguyen Dinh Tung – General Director of Vina T&T Group, said that if Vietnam negotiates to open two major markets, China and the US (diamond-cut coconut), the value will be huge. . Because coconut is a very good fruit for health and Vietnam has preserved technology, long shipping and sales time, it has an advantage.
According to enterprises, Vietnamese fruit and vegetable exports increased thanks to China’s increased purchase. In particular, the protocols signed with this country last year have helped Vietnam’s fruit and vegetable export activities have many advantages. This year, although China strictly controls technical barriers, food safety and hygiene, Vietnamese goods are still popular due to their increasingly high quality and competitive prices.
Diversified consumption channels
According to experts, besides China, the US, European or Japanese markets also witnessed impressive growth. Therefore, fruit exports still have a lot of room thanks to good consumption. However, besides exporting, it is necessary to focus on developing the domestic market.
According to information from the Department of Crop Production (MARD), the country’s fruit output in the second quarter is estimated at over 2.6 million tons. Of which, about 460,000 tons of bananas, 300,000 tons of durian, 330,000 tons of lychee and 110,000 tons of longan. In addition, hundreds of thousands of tons of pineapple, mango, orange, and dragon fruit are also in the harvest. It is worth mentioning that this number will gradually increase in the third and fourth quarters. The expected output this year is 12.4 million tons of fruits of all kinds. Thus, the increasingly abundant domestic fruit supply is putting great pressure on consumption when exports in many markets decrease and domestic demand is also limited.
In Son La province, Mr. Nguyen Thanh Cong – Vice Chairman of the Provincial People’s Committee said that to ensure consumption activities, Son La province has directed departments, branches and localities to implement many plans to connect, find search and expand the market; promoting trade promotion activities, promoting products with the goal of exporting, consuming more than 18,700 tons of fruits of all kinds, with an estimated value of more than 25.2 million USD.
According to Deputy Director of Hai Duong Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Luong Thi Kiem, the province currently has 8,880 hectares of litchi with an estimated output of 60,000 tons. More than 50% of the output will be exported to Japan, the US, Australia and Europe. The remaining amount of fabric will be consumed in the domestic market. Therefore, the province is in dire need of attention and support from authorities, businesses, supermarkets and markets in Hanoi for distribution and consumption, especially in June – the peak period. harvest this product.
In order to support localities to consume fruit during the harvest season, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development said that there have been directions to monitor and grasp the price situation and supply of essential food items, reporting to the Group. managing the domestic market and the Government’s Price Steering Committee. At the same time, coordinate with localities to support connection, promote processing and consumption of agricultural products in the harvest season. The units also organize activities such as: connecting forum to promote export, forum connecting agricultural product consumption; seminars to disseminate information, market regulations and consumer tastes, connect consumption through a system of commercial and agricultural counselors in markets. Especially connecting with domestic retail distribution chains for some products with large output when in the harvest season. Besides promoting export promotion activities, improving product quality, Compliance with strict conditions of importing countries is also an important condition to create momentum for Vietnam’s fruit exports.
Deputy Director of the Import-Export Department (Ministry of Industry and Trade) Tran Thanh Hai shared: Vietnam’s fruit export path is increasingly opening up with “passports” to the world through efforts to negotiate no managers’ discontinuance with trading partners. However, the opening of the market is not only an effort of the authorities but also needs the cooperation of businesses in actively exploring the market and building specialized cultivation areas to meet the requirements of the market. high quality standards from demanding markets around the world.