To what extent is agricultural exports still ‘bright’?

In the first half of 2023, although the markets faced many difficulties, Vietnam still had seven products and groups of products with an export value of more than 1 billion USD. Rice and vegetables are the two fastest growing commodities with value increasing 34% and 64% respectively.

Durian has contributed greatly to fruit and vegetable export turnover in the first half of this year, which is forecast to reach 1 billion USD in 2023.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the authorities are focusing on negotiating the signing of the official export protocol to China with some citrus fruits and coconuts, negotiating to export fresh coconuts to the US, completing the The final stage to export fresh mango and dragon fruit to Japan from August 1, 2023…

Therefore, the export potential of Vietnam’s agricultural and forestry products is still very large.

More fruits will be exported

Mr. Hoang Trung, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, affirmed that China is the most important export market of Vietnam’s agricultural, forestry and fishery products in the first six months of 2023.

Most of the main agricultural products are very well exported to China such as rice and fruits, in which the type accounts for a large proportion, bringing a record of turnover in recent years, which is durian.

Specifically, Vietnam has exported to China 180,000 tons of durian, with a turnover of 850 million USD. It is forecasted that by the end of 2023, durian exports to China may exceed 1 billion USD.

In addition, exporting lychee, dragon fruit and many other fruits to China is also very convenient. As a result, in the first half of this year, fruit and vegetable exports in general reached 2.75 billion USD, up 64% over the same period in 2022, a record high for this industry.

According to Mr. Trung, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh’s visit to China has opened up many opportunities for the export of agricultural, forestry and fishery products to China because during the talks, the two countries’ senior leaders reached a high consensus on the creating the most favorable conditions for exporting agricultural, forestry and fishery products to China.

And this is a very good opportunity for ministries and branches to base on the agreement of two senior leaders to reach negotiations, so that the fruits that are about to be signed will be signed soon.

“The signed vegetables and fruits will increase the export volume, at the same time strengthen and expand the growing area code, the packaging facility meets both quality and value for sustainable export” – Mr. Hoang Trung said and said that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development also directed specialized agencies, localities and businesses to maintain the conditions on packing facilities and growing area codes, ensuring that they do not violate the requirements of the manufacturer. import.

Currently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is directing its units to intensify negotiations with the specialized agency of the General Administration of Customs of China to quickly sign the protocols. In which, there are seven fruits that need to be standardized to sign the official export protocol such as watermelon, jackfruit…

In addition, focus on negotiating and signing the official export protocol to China with some citrus fruits and coconuts.

“If this can be done, the export of agricultural, forestry and fishery products to China will be more and more methodical, convenient and sustainable,” Trung said.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development also coordinated with the Ministry of Industry and Trade to continue negotiations to export fresh coconuts to the US, and agreed with Japan on new stamps for fresh Vietnamese mangoes and dragon fruits exported to Japan from August 1, 2023. .

From now until the end of the year, he will welcome and work with the EU’s inspection team to assess Vietnam’s seafood food safety control system and seafood processing enterprises.

Rice exports 8 million tons, earning 4 billion USD

Regarding taking advantage of opportunities as well as ensuring rice exports in the context that many countries are increasing imports due to El Nino, Mr. Nguyen Nhu Cuong – Director of the Department of Crop Production (MARD) – said that the cultivated area is being affected. shrinking, especially rice is being strongly affected. The conversion from rice cultivation to other purposes causes the rice area to decrease gradually.

However, thanks to scientific and technological advances in seeds, good technical farming processes and extensive experience in responding to climate change, Vietnam still ensures rice for domestic consumption and serving food. exports in the period of El Nino 2024-2025.

“From the lessons learned in the period 2015-2016 and 2019-2020, the Department of Crop Production has coordinated with relevant units to review the situation of water sources in each locality to have a plan to arrange the seasonal structure, select suitable varieties, regulating irrigation … thereby ensuring the least damage, ensuring domestic consumption and export demand”, Mr. Cuong shared.

Meanwhile, according to Mr. Phung Duc Tien, deputy minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, thanks to good seed work, application of mechanization and intensive farming skills of farmers, rice productivity has continuously increased, the highest in Southeast Asia. .

The average rice yield in the Mekong Delta in one crop is 7.21 tons, even in Binh Dinh it reaches 8.1 tons/ha – a record high in the past 20 years. In 2023, in February, many people predicted that the rice crop would fail, but the average yield of rice was 67 quintals/ha, an increase of 1.8 quintals/ha.

Not only rice is processed deeply, all by-products from rice farming such as straw and husk are used up. In 2022, Vietnam exported over 7.1 million tons of rice, earning approximately $3.5 billion. ASEAN countries all expressed interest in food security, increasing demand for hoarding.

“Therefore, in addition to about 20 million tons for domestic consumption, this year rice exports will definitely reach 8 million tons, earning over $4 billion, a sharp increase compared to last year,” said Deputy Minister Tien.

According to Mr. Tien, many types of vegetables, fruits, coffee, rice, cashew … are items that still have potential export advantages in markets, especially China, need to focus on opening and exploiting. maximum.

“Depending on the market structure and industry, from now until the end of the year, the ministry will have flexible operations to adapt to the new context to achieve the target of exporting 54-55 billion USD in agricultural, forestry and fishery products for the whole year.” Mr. Tien said.

Mr. Nguyen Nhu Tiep, Director of the Department of Quality, Processing and Market Development of agricultural products (MARD), said that besides the difficulty of reduced demand, the markets are very demanding on the quality of goods. especially Europe has always led the way in food safety regulations, IUU regulations and anti-deforestation production regulations…

“Therefore, in addition to the commercial factor, we need to focus on transparency issues in traceability” – Mr. Tiep said.